The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) is a human development measure of the national government that provides conditional cash grants to the poorest of the poor, to improve their health, nutrition, and the education of children aged 0-18. It is patterned after the conditional cash transfer (CCT) schemes in Latin American and African countries, which have lifted millions of people around the world from poverty.
The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) is the lead government agency of the 4Ps.
- Social Assistance – giving monetary support to extremely poor families to respond to their immediate needs; and
- Social Development – breaking the intergenerational poverty cycle by investing in the health and education of poor children through programs such as:
- health check-ups for pregnant women and children aged 0 to 5;
- deworming of schoolchildren aged 6 to 14;
- enrollment of children in daycare, elementary, and secondary schools; and
- family development sessions.
As of the 31st July 2018, the active registered households have reached 4,277,783 or 97.2% of this year’s target of 4,400,000 households (4,048,763 for Regular CCT and 229,020 for MCCT).
Listahan is 4Ps’ data management system that identifies who and where are the poorest in the Philippines. In 2009 the National Household Assessment, out of 10 Million households, identified 5.2 Million poor households based on a set of criteria.4Ps, especially, look for a household with children ages 0-14 or pregnant member of the household in the time of the assessment. The potential household beneficiaries are encoded in the information system database. They are to attend a community assembly in the city or municipality where they reside, this is to verify if there were eligible to be a beneficiary of the program. Qualified beneficiaries are to sign the oath of commitment and fill out bank enrollment form and will be provided with ID Cards.
- Cash Grants
4Ps has two types of cash grants that are given out to household-beneficiaries:
- Health grant: P500 per household every month, or a total of P6,000 every year
- Education grant: P300 per child every month for ten months, or a total of P3,000 every year (a household may register a maximum of three children for the program)
For a household with three children, a household may receive P1,400 every month, or a total of P15,000 every year for five years, from the two types of cash grants given to them.
These cash grants are distributed to the household-beneficiaries through the Land Bank of the Philippines or, if not feasible, through alternate payment schemes such as Globe G-Cash remittance and rural bank transactions.
- Conditions and Compliance to receive the abovementioned subsidies, all the succeeding conditions must be met by the household-beneficiaries:
- Pregnant women must avail pre- and post-natal care, and be attended during childbirth by a trained professional;
- Parents or guardians must attend the family development sessions, which include topics on responsible parenting, health, and nutrition;
- Children aged 0-5 must receive regular preventive health check-ups and vaccines;
- Children aged 6-14 must receive deworming pills twice a year; and
- Children-beneficiaries aged 3-18 must enroll in school and maintain an attendance of at least 85% of class days every month.
Indeed the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program made a big impact to the lives of the beneficiaries and it aims to reach more Filipinos that are in need.